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Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex


Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex is a rare congenital malformation that involves the urogenital tract, causing defects in the formation of the lower abdominal wall, bladder, and urethra. This condition occurs during fetal development and can affect both males and females.


  • Bladder exstrophy: The bladder is open and visible outside the abdomen, with the anterior wall of the bladder missing or open.
  • Epispadias: The urethra opens on the top of the penis or clitoris instead of the tip.
  • Urinary incontinence: Due to the abnormal position of the urethra, urinary incontinence can occur, with difficulty controlling the urinary flow.
  • Bladder emptying problems: The malformation can interfere with the normal function of the bladder, causing difficulties in fully emptying it.


To determine the most appropriate treatment for Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex, it is advisable to schedule an appointment with Professor Christian Gozzi for a specialized consultation

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Professor Gozzi